Taekwondo Poomse is meant by a “Form” in which a self-practice is devised to be performed in following the Lines of Movement in a systematic and consecutive way against an imaginary opponent or multi-opponents by using various Taekwondo techniques of hand and foot. Through practicing Taekwondo Poomse, we can apply the techniques of hand and foot and the changes of stance learned from the basic techniques adaptable to an actual fighting. It also provides us with the effects on improving flexibility of body and being skilled in strength control, balance control, breath control, eye control and concentration of sprit, as well as cultivating martial art spirit through its mental discipline.
This represents the most profound oriental philosophy from which philosophical views on the World, Cosmos and Life are derived. The Taeguk Poomse consists of different movements in sequence. The vital points of this Poomse are to make exact the speed of breath and action and move the body weight properly while executing speedy actions. Thus we can fully realize the main thought of Taeguk.
Supplementary Training. The thought of Palgwe, another concept of the ancient Oriental philosophy, implies symbolically all the phenomena of man an universe.
Koryo is the name of an ancient dynasty in the Korean peninsula. The English name of “Korea” is originated from the name of this “Koryo” Dynasty which was famed for its cultural achievements such as Koryo ceramic and for the valiant spirit of its people with which they defeated the Mongolian aggression.
The word “Kumgang” has originally the meaning of being too strong to be broken. Also in Buddhism, what can break off every agony of mind with combination of wisdom and virtue is called “Kumgang”. The Poomse “Kumgang” is named after Mount Kumgang, symbol of solidity. “Kumgang” is also analogous to “diamonds”.
“Taeback” is the ancient name of Mount Paekdu where the legendary Tangun founded a nation for the first time in the Korean peninsula some 4.300 years ago. Poomse “Taeback” takes its principles of movement from the word “Taeback” which means being looked up to as sacred.
“Pyongwon” is meant by ‘vast plain’. The plain is a source of sustaining the human life and, on the other hand, a great open plain stretching out endlessly gives us a feeling of majesty that is different from what we feel with a mountain or the sea. An application of the providence of the plain which is blessed with abundance and grace as well as boundless vastness into the practice of Taekwondo is Poomse Pyongwon (plain).
Shipjin has the meaning of ‘decimal system’ which stands for a symbolical figure of 10 meaning endless development and growth in a systematic order. In Poomse Shipjin, stability is sought in every change of movements.
According to the Oriental belief, all living things come from and return to the earth (Jitae is derived from the meaning of the earth). The earth is indeed the origin and terminal of life. Living things as well as all the natural phenomena of the earth originate mainly from the changes and the form of earth. Poomse “Jitae” is the movement which applies these features of the earth.
“Chunkwon” signifies the sky. From ancient times the Orientals have always believed and worshipped the sky as ruler of the universe and human beings. The infinitely vast sky may be a mysterious and profound world of imagination in the eyes of finite human beings. Poomse Chunkwon is composed of the motions which are full of piety and vitality.
Poomse “Hansoo” derived from the word ‘water’ is typical with its fluidity and adaptability as manifested in the nature of water.
“Ilyeo” signifies oneness. In Buddhism, the state of spiritual cultivation is said to be “Ilyeo” (oneness), in which body and mind, I (subject) and you (object), spirit and substance are unified into oneness. The ultimate ideal of Taekwondo lies in this state of Ilyeo. The final goal Taekwondo pursues is indeed a discipline in which we concentrate attention on every movement, shaking off all worldly thoughts and obsession.